Mexico Health & Evironmental News

Puerto Vallarta • Riviera Nayarit 

  News &
Politics
Issues &
Opinions
Business &
Finance
Health &
Evironment
Lifestyle &
Entertainment
Travel &
Outdoors
Science &
Technology

Study Shows Alcoholism May beTwice as Deadly for Women as for Men

Trevor Stokes - MyHealthNewsDaily
go to original
October 18, 2012
Share



Alcoholism may be twice as fatal for women as for men, according to a new study from Germany.

The women with alcohol addiction were five times more likely to die during the 14-year period of the study than women in the general population were. Among men with alcohol addiction, the death rate was about double that of men in the general population.

Additionally, alcoholics in the study who underwent specialized medical treatments or detoxification programs were no more likely to survive than those who did not seek intervention.

"The treatment system is not really suited yet to increase survival time," said study author Ulrich John, an epidemiologist at the University of Greifswald Medical School.

Most previous studies of alcoholics' mortality rates focused on alcoholics already in treatment, but the new study started with a general population of 4,070 people in northern Germany.

Researchers interviewed the study participants and asked about alcohol use. Based on their answers, and the criteria for alcoholism given in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 153 were defined as alcoholics. Fourteen years later, the researchers followed up with 149 of the alcoholics.

Nearly a fifth of the alcoholics had died over the 14 years: seven of the 30 women, and 21 of the 119 men. For the women, this translated to an annual death rate of 1.67 percent; among women in the general population, the annual death rate was 0.36 percent. For the alcoholic men, the annual death rate was 1.26 percent, while the annual death rate for men in the general population was 0.66 percent.

Women tend to develop more of the health risks associated with alcoholism, but the reasons for this are not clear, John said. "Females, in a more short time span, develop diseases such as liver cirrhosis," he said.

Treatment & detox

Among the alcoholics, 34 had used treatments provided by the German government aimed at helping patients remain alcohol-free over the long term, such as addiction counseling and group therapy. Ten others had enrolled in detoxification programs, in which people quit drinking "cold turkey" and remained in treatment as long as their withdrawal symptoms occur.

Death rates among the alcoholics who had sought specialized treatments were the same as those  alcoholics not in treatment, the researchers found. Those who entered detoxification programs had a higher death rate than alcoholics who did not seek detox.

Most likely to die were those with severe alcoholism, those with alcohol-related health problems such as liver disease, and those who rated their own health as poor.

However, the findings don't mean that treatments do not improve the survival of alcoholics, John said. People who "suffer from lots of diseases from their alcohol abuse — many more of them are getting into detoxification treatments," which could explain why those in detox programs had a higher mortality rate, he said.

Approximately 11 percent of alcoholics, typically the sickest ones, seek help in treatment or detoxification programs, said Susan Foster, director of policy research and analysis at the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University.

"Those with advanced disease are usually the ones who cycle in and out of detox programs or end up in treatment programs, many of which do not provide evidence-based care," Foster said.

Further, Foster said, addiction is disease that can include a range of substances. "Treatment must address all manifestations of the disease — only providing treatment for addiction involving alcohol will, by definition, limit the efficacy of treatment results."

So what can be done?

Preventing alcoholism could lower mortality rates, said Jürgen Rehm, director of social and epidemiological research at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto.

Training family doctors to test for alcoholism and related problems might be the best solution, Rehm said.

John said his future research will focus on computer-based screening tests for alcoholism problems, and subsequent counseling, in an effort to reach the entire population.

The study will be published in the January issue of the journal Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

  Check out Alano Club of Puerto Vallarta

  Check out Nuevo Vallarta Alcoholics Anonymous


We invite you to add your charity or supporting organizations' news stories and coming events to PVAngels so we can share them with the world. Do it now!

CHARITY ALERT Vallarta Botanical Garden Needs Your Help

TripAdvisor singled out the Botanical Garden for removal and placed us on our own page in Cabo Corrientes.

Please write and ask TripAdvisor why all other Cabo Corrientes attractions are still on the Puerto Vallarta page while only the Garden was removed.

Click here to see all the details

Meet the Charities

Community Services

Environmental

Animals & Wildlife

Health Care

Youth & Family

Education

Culture & Recreation

Special Interests

How You Can Help

Use Your Powers for Good

Add Your Favorite Charity

Save a Life - Give Blood

 

Partners for Change

Meet the Partners

Become a Partner for Change

Stay Connected

Find PVAngels on Facebook Follow PVAngels on Twitter Sign up PVAngels Newsletter RSS Feeds on PVAngels


Resources

About PVAngels

Add Your Charity

Add Your News & Events

Locate Yourself on Our Maps

Jobs - Join PVAngels Team

About Puerto Vallarta

Puerto Vallarta Local News

Local Event Calendar

Puerto Vallarta Videos

Puerto Vallarta Photos

Historic Puerto Vallarta

Local Area Maps

Important Phone Numbers

Craig's List in Puerto Vallarta

News Around Mexico

Mexico Issues & Opinions

Mexico Business News

Mexico Evironmental News

Lifestyle & Entertainment

Mexico Travel & Outdoors

Science & Technology News

Mexico News & Travel Videos


FAIR USE NOTICE: This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance a more in-depth understanding of critical issues facing the world. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 USC Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more information click here. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

m3 • local actions from global awareness